Климат, лед, вода, ландшафты

Climate, ice, water, landscapes

Рудой Алексей Николаевич

A N Rudoy, V R Baker. Sedimentary effects of cataclysmic late Pleistocene glacial outburst flooding.

Inya-logoНа эту нашу с Виком Бейкером статью, которая вышла почти 20 лет назад - уже сотни ссылок в самых разнообразных изданиях, как и на статью в журнале Science (1993). Можно говорить, что регулярные международные экспедиции и изучение скэбленда во всем мире началось именно вот с этих первых наших работ в международной периодике. До этого я писал в СССР по-русски и, по сути, - для себя. Потому полагаю эту пионерную статью важной. Однако, в России, хотя на неё и ссылаются в соответствующих публикациях, саму работу, как и статью в QI, мало кто видел, ссылаются, в данном случае уже по привычке. Подумалось, как первому соавтору, что пора её выставить с сохранием всех авторских прав издательства и  журнала. На фотографии Артёма Головина - дилювиальные валы-бары в устье р. Иня, Центральный Алтай.




© Sedimentary Geology, 85 (1993) 53-62 53
© Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., Amsterdam

Sedimentary effects of cataclysmic late Pleistocene glacial outburst flooding, Altay Mountains, Siberia

Sed_Geol© A.N. Rudoy (a) and V.R. Baker (b)
(a) Geography Department, Tomsk State Pedogogical Institute, Tomsk, Russia 

(b) Department of Geosciences, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA

Received June 30, 1992; revised version accepted November 30, 1992

Rudoy, A.N. and Baker, V.R., 1993. Sedimentary effects of cataclysmic late Pleistocene glacial outburst flooding, Altay Mountains, Siberia. In: C.R. Fielding (Editor), Current Research in Fluvial Sedimentology. Sediment. Geol., 85: 53-62.

Pleistocene glacial outburst floods were released from ice-dammed lakes of the Altay Mountains, south-central Siberia. The Kuray-Chuja lake system yielded peak floods in excess of 1×106 m3 /s  and as great as 18×106 m3/ s. The phenomenally high bed shear stresses and stream powers generated in these flows produced a main-channel, coarse-grained facies of coarse gravel in (1) foreset-bedded bars as much as 200 m high and several kilometers long, and (2) degradational, boulder-capped river terraces. Giant current ripples, 50 to 150 m in spacing, composed of pebble and cobble gravel, are locally abundant. The whole sedimentary assemblage is very similar to that of the Channeled Scabland, produced by the Pleistocene Missoula Floods of western North America.


In July 1991, the authors investigated evidence for Pleistocene cataclysmic flooding in the Altay Mountain region of south-central Siberia. The purpose was to compare the recently documented diluvial morphogenesis of the Altay Mountains (Rudoy, 1988a, 1990; Rudoy et al., 1989) with established work on the Channeled Scabland region of North America, which was formed by cataclysmic erosion and sedimentation associated
with outbursts from Pleistocene Lake Missoula (Bretz et al., 1956; Baker, 1973, 1978a; Baker et al., 1987).


In both Eurasia and North America, Pleistocene glaciations are accompanied by the inception and growth of gigantic ice-dammed lakes (Elson, 1992). Recent work at the margins of the former North American ice sheets (Baker and Bunker, 1985; Kehew and Lord, 1987; Teller, 1987) has documented pervasive evidence of Pleistocene cataclysmic outburst floods (j6kulhlaups). Such floods, which are a direct consequence
of deglaciation, may have exerted major short-term influences on global fluxes of water and sediment (Baker, 1993). Shaw (1989) has even proposed that subglacial meltwater may be a major contributor to cataclysmic flooding, although his evidence of fluvially eroded drumlins (Shaw et al., 1989) is disputed by many glaciologists (e.g., Muller and Pair, 1992). In one reconstruction of the late Pleistocene Eurasian ice sheets, Grosswald (1980) envisions spectacular damming of the great north-flowing Siberian rivers with associated spillovers and drainage diversions (Fig. 1). An alternative reconstruction involves much less ponding and diversion (Velichko et al., 1984), but incomplete field mapping and geochronology precludes scientific preference for either of these hypothetical alternatives.

Nevertheless, it is clear that the phenomenon of massive, regionally extensive, highenergy flooding was an important feature of global Pleistocene glaciation. Evidence of such phenomena is to be expected in pre-Quaternary glacial sediments. Physical setting and flood processes The Altay Mountain study area lies in the upper Ob River basin, upstream of the Pleistocene network of Siberian glacial lakes and diversions (Fig. 1). The intermontane depressions of the Altay have long been known to have contained Pleistocene glacial lakes. The two largest Altay Pleistocene lakes occupied the Kuray and Chuja depressions in the headwaters of the Chuja River (Fig. 2). Together these interconnected lakes held at least 1000 km3 during the latest Pleistocene glaciation (Rudoy, 1988a). Water depths reached 600 m with a 900 m stage during an earlier Pleistocene phase (Rudoy et al., 1989). The lake dimensions are comparable to those of Pleistocene Lake Missoula, which held about 2500 km3 at a maximum depth of 635 m at its ice dam (Baker and Bunker, 1985).

13.06.2011 12:03 9103


#452 Boom Beach Hack 02.09.2015 22:57
I think this is among the most important info
for me. And i'm glad reading your article.
But wanna remark on few general things, The website style is ideal, the articles is really great
: D. Good job, cheers

my homepage; Boom
Beach Hack: http://gamehackapk.foliodrop.com/pages/boom-beach-cheat
#451 Boom Beach Hack 02.09.2015 13:20
Very nice post. I simply stumbled upon your blog and wanted to mention that I
have really loved browsing your weblog posts. In any case I'll be subscribing on your rss feed and I'm hoping you write again soon!

Stop by my homepage :: Boom Beach Hack: http://gamehackapk.over-blog.com/boom-beach-hack-apk.html
#450 Boom Beach Hack Tool 02.09.2015 07:25
If you are going for most excellent contents like I do, simply visit
this web page all the time because it presents feature contents,

Here is my web site :: Boom Beach Hack Tool: http://gamehackapk.wikidot.com/boom-beach-cheat
#449 Boom Beach Hack 01.09.2015 23:05
Nice post. I was checking constantly this blog and I am inspired!
Very helpful info particularly the remaining section :
) I maintain such information a lot. I was looking
for this certain info for a very lengthy time. Thanks
and good luck.

Here is my blog; Boom Beach Hack: http://gamehackapks.blogspot.com/2015/08/boom-beach-hack-apk.html
#448 boom beach diamonds 01.09.2015 15:48
It is possible to access web sites quickly by means of opening typically the bookmark case of your online browser.
#447 best free ipad 31.08.2015 07:40
The iPad is certainly a wonderful knowing technique for youngsters making them learn, play, as
well as create - all at the same time.

my blog: best free ipad games online: http://www.dvgtech.pro/index.php?title=User:GenesisClanton
#446 boom beach hack tool 31.08.2015 05:41
I do accept as true with all the concepts you have introduced for your post.
They are really convincing and will certainly work.
Nonetheless, the posts are very brief for beginners.
May just you please prolong them a little from subsequent time?
Thanks for the post.

Here is my web-site; boom beach hack tool: https://Gamehackapk.Wordpress.com/2015/08/29/boom-beach-hack-apk/
#445 Boom Beach Hack 30.08.2015 17:24
I have been surfing online more than three hours today, yet I never found any interesting article like yours.
It's pretty worth enough for me. Personally, if all webmasters and bloggers made good content as
you did, the net will be much more useful than ever

Take a look at my website ... Boom Beach Hack: https://www.Pinterest.com/pin/316026098831269307/
#444 Boom Beach Hack 30.08.2015 12:48
Great delivery. Solid arguments. Keep up the amazing spirit.

My web blog; Boom Beach
Hack: https://about.me/BoomBeachHackUnlimitedResources
#443 Boom Beach Hack 30.08.2015 02:05
I think this is one of the most significant information for me.
And i'm glad reading your article. But should remark on few general things, The website style is perfect, the articles is
really great : D. Good job, cheers

Have a look at my web blog ... Boom Beach Hack: http://Gamehackapk.Jimdo.com/2015/08/29/boom-beach-hack-unlimited-resources/
#442 Boom Beach Hack 28.08.2015 05:49
It's truly very complex in this busy life to listen news on Television, therefore I simply use world
wide web for that reason, and take the latest news.

Here is my web page; Boom Beach Hack: https://www.Linkedin.com/grp/post/8364516-6037157774603931651?trk=groups-post-b-title
#441 download clash of 27.08.2015 16:53
Se sentent rassurés, vous-même n'êtes passing seul au regard de Clash of
Clans Gemmes Gratuit coup de stratégie.
#440 Download Boom Beach 27.08.2015 09:58
I absolutely love your blog and find the majority of your post's to
be just what I'm looking for. Does one offer guest writers to write content for you personally?
I wouldn't mind composing a post or elaborating on most of the subjects you write related
to here. Again, awesome weblog!

Feel free to visit my blog post: Download Boom Beach Hack: https://www.linkedin.com/grp/post/8364516-6037157774603931651?trk=groups-post-b-title
#439 Boom Beach Hack 27.08.2015 05:25
Please let me know if you're looking for a
writer for your site. You have some really good posts and I feel I would be a good asset.
If you ever want to take some of the load off, I'd absolutely love to write some material for
your blog in exchange for a link back to mine.

Please shoot me an e-mail if interested. Cheers!

Feel free to visit my web page ... Boom Beach
Hack: https://www.linkedin.com/grp/post/8364516-6037157774603931651?trk=groups-post-b-title
#438 quest bars 27.08.2015 04:12
I have read so many posts on the topic of the blogger lovers
except this paragraph is really a good piece of writing, keep it up.
#437 Boom Beach Diamonds 26.08.2015 21:19
Gain access to this feature from the keyboard options.
#436 quest bars 26.08.2015 19:02
Aw, this was an extremely good post. Finding the time and actual effort to create a very good article… but what can I
say… I procrastinate a whole lot and don't manage to get anything done.
#435 Boom Beach Hack free 25.08.2015 00:36
This kind of tip any of the principal pieces of advice provided by the Apple mackintosh website
to continue your battery-life healthy.
#434 télécharger clash 24.08.2015 10:24
The formulaire se révèle être mis à jour fill maintenir
nos valeurs sobre l'or, parfois des gemmes ainsi que de l'élixir en para rangs
#433 Terrence 24.08.2015 00:16
Great beat ! I wish to apprentice while you amend your website, how could i subscribe for a blog web
site? The account aided me a acceptable deal. I had been tiny bit acquainted of this your broadcast provided bright clear idea

my page; Download Boom Beach Hack (Terrence: https://about.me/BoomBeachHackApk)
#432 Real Boom Beach Hack 23.08.2015 18:42
Excellent blog here! Also your web site quite a bit up very fast!
What web host are you the use of? Can I get your affiliate hyperlink
to your host? I wish my website loaded up as fast as yours lol

Here is my weblog Real Boom Beach Hack: https://www.linkedin.com/grp/post/8364516-6037157774603931651?trk=groups-post-b-title
#431 boom beach diamonds 22.08.2015 21:55
There are plenty of game apps to keep anyone entertained within the
#430 quest bars 22.08.2015 04:03
you are in point of fact a just right webmaster.
The web site loading velocity is amazing. It
kind of feels that you're doing any unique trick. Also, The contents are masterpiece.
you have performed a magnificent process on this matter!
#429 quest bars 21.08.2015 04:41
Very quickly this site will be famous among all blogging people, due
to it's nice articles or reviews
#428 boom beach diamonds 19.08.2015 06:41
When you find yourself completed with the video,
you can find the photographs part and play the recording
again or send out the video to the friend.
#427 quest bars 19.08.2015 04:20
Hi! I could have sworn I've been to this website before but after
browsing through some of the posts I realized it's new to me.
Anyhow, I'm certainly pleased I found it and I'll be bookmarking it
and checking back frequently!
#426 quest bars 18.08.2015 18:50
You actually make it appear so easy with your presentation however I find this topic to be actually one
thing that I believe I might never understand.
It kind of feels too complicated and extremely wide for me.

I'm taking a look forward for your next publish, I will try
to get the hold of it!
#425 jeux video magazine 18.08.2015 07:07
Il demeure plus fortuné d'avoir pwned parce qu'ils ont crack clash of clans délaissé de voler assez entre ma couverture face à rechargement.
#424 harvest swap hack 17.08.2015 16:19
Recently she revealed the secrets to having what many define as the
"perfect" figure. In terms of the best way you dress, there is only one thing that separates you out of
your favorite Hollywood celebrity. The news started spreading yesterday from TMZ that Andrey Hicks
has proof he had an affair with Kim Kardashian. Approximately of the guys I dated were jerks but the additional famous the guy, the better my odds were of rising up the inventory.
Here is what you need to know: You are enough right this minute.

Here is my web-site :: harvest swap hack
iphone: http://c-l.iptime.org/?document_srl=416980
#423 jeux gratuits pour 15.08.2015 17:13
En profitant des astuces para Clash of Clans, les joueurs allez vous-même voir les joueurs marquer au regard de la liste des
meilleurs joueurs man jeu.
#422 boom beach hack 15.08.2015 05:30
You can also get some great game titles to amuse your
children, and several of this games will also be educational.

Добавить комментарий

Прощай мой дом

JavaScript is disabled!
To display this content, you need a JavaScript capable browser.

О проекте

Всё об удивительном и загадочном мире льда и ледников, ландшафтов и людей и их жизни. Всё о планете Земля и о других планетах.

Интересы: снег, вода, горы, лед, катастрофы, все, климат, рельеф, ледники, приледниковые озёра, геоморфология, гляциология, новые теории и проекты в гляциологии, геологии и геоморфологии, а также качественная музыка и всё интересное и в науке, и в экспедициях, что сочтут для себя важным участники проекта, в природе и в жизни.. ....в общем всё.

Наши новости
Текущая информация для студентов
Ключевые слова

logotipЧитателям, слушателям и просто прохожим: сайт и все материалы, опубликованные на нём -  интеллектуальная собственность владельца сайта, и/или авторов соответствующих материалов. Ссылки на сайт, а также ссылки на авторов публикаций,


(и фотографий, разумеется, тоже) обязательны. Соответствующие законы РФ и других стран известны, лицензии - на месте. Воруют, конечно, и не взирая на копирайты, но мы создали сайт для порядочных людей. Не хочется об этом напоминать, но факт любой недобросовестной ссылки-цитирования или пересказа, во- первых, будет предан широчайшей огласке через сеть всеми популярными научными каналами. А далее, возможно, последует и во-вторых..... Спасибо.

Контакты: ran@mail.tomsknet.ru