Климат, лед, вода, ландшафты

Climate, ice, water, landscapes

Рудой Алексей Николаевич

Pazynych V.G. Water-ice-snow and mudflows in mountain areas on final stage of Wurm glaciations – paper two Lake Balaton origin – fresh glance

Представляю очень интересный раздел из монографии В.Г. Пазинича. Полагаю, что российским специалистам эти материалы могут быть неизвестны (как были неизвестны и мне). Большое спасибо автору, который прислал на сайт результаты этих своих актуальных исследований. - А.Н. Рудой.

УДК 551.4

Монография

Пазинич В. Г. // За редакцией В.В. Стецюка. ТОП-5 геоморфологических и палеогеографических проблем Украины. – Киев: « …. », 2012. – 114 с.

ISBN 978-966-96790-2-4

В  издании  изложены  некоторые  результаты  комплексных  исследований геоморфологических  и  палеогеографических  условий  антропогена  Украины,  соседних регионов  Центральной  и  Восточной  Европы,  которые  призваны  исправить  некоторые ложные  теоретические  представления  по  вопросам  формирования  рельефа  земной поверхности указанных территорий в постгляциале и их природных условий.
Значительное внимание уделено расчету энергетических этапов ледниковых времен и послеледниковых процессов, что позволило с гораздо большей вероятностью разрешить ряд проблем, связанных с генезисом гляциального рельефа.
По-новому  рассматривается  проблема  определения  возраста  геологических образований  долинно-террасного  комплекса  бассейна  Среднего  Днепра.  Критически  и доказательно,  с  позиций  соответствия  физическим  законам,  оцениваются  представление  о эоловой  гипотезы  происхождения  лессов.  Обращено  внимание  читателей  на  проблемы установления  времени  формирования  лессовых  толщ.  Выяснено  проблематику  наличия костей  млекопитающих  в  лессовых  толщах  при  отсутствии  следов  их  жизнедеятельности, остатков в них растительности и почвенного покрова.
Доказано  огромные  возможности  дистанционного  исследования  не  только современного  рельефа  земной  поверхности,  но  и  природных  явлений  отдаленных  времен, что  наряду  с  традиционными  видами  дистанционных  исследований,  показаниям  геолого-геоморфологических  методов  позволило  реконструировать  последовательность послеледниковых  событий  в  бассейне  Днепра.  Показано,  также,  результаты  исследования последствий  деятельности  водно-ледниковых  и  селевых  потоков  в  некоторых  горных областях Европы, в частности, тех, которым обязано своим происхождением озеро Балатон.
Для  работников  научных  и  производственных  учреждений  биологического, геологического,  географического,  археологического  направления,  студентов,  аспирантов, преподавателей  географических  и  естественно-географических  факультетов  высших учебных заведений.


Рецензенты:
ПАЩЕНКО В.М., — доктор географических наук, профессор (Национальный аграрный
университет);
СТЕПАНЧУК  В.М.  —  доктор  исторических  наук,  ведущий  научный  сотрудник
Института археологии НАН Украины.
ISBN 978-966-96790-2-4

Статья в работе

Pazynych V.G.

“Swaths of topographic sink depressions

interpreted as remnants of paleomeanders

in the vicinity of Lake Balaton, Hungary:

evidences of young uplift or base level drop?”,

B. Székely and other, 2005. [1]

Water-ice-snow and mudflows in mountain areas on final stage of Wurm glaciations – paper two

Lake Balaton origin – fresh glance

Водо-льодо-снігові  та  селеві  потоки завершальної  стадії  вюрмського  зледеніння   гірських країн – стаття друга

Походження озера Балатон

Woda-lód-śnieg i spływy obszarów górskich na końcowym etapie Wurmskego zlodowaceńja - papier drugi

Balaton pochodzenie

Víz-jég-hó és sár forgalom a hegyvidéki területek végső szakaszában Wurm jegesedések - papír második

Balaton eredetű

Водно-ледово-снежные и селевые потоки завершающей стадии Вюрмского  оледенения горных стран – статья вторая

Происхождение озера Балатон

Title of the article that repeated in epigram reveals all puzzles of the Lake Balaton origin. Traditionally, as in other regions and for solving the most interesting puzzles of nature that have no simple solution have tried to solve involving neotectonic factors. However, the clear answer has not been found.. The results presented in this paper obtained on completely new principles. The analysis performed of well-known geological data based on the new principles implementation first in Ukraine.

First paper, under the same title, published four years ago in Ukrainian [2]. The general map for prospected area of those times show on the fig. 1.  In article, the researching of post glacial phenomena based on the dividing of the glacial periods on the two stages – phase of ice and potential energy accumulation and phase of its release. The first stage corresponds to the building of ice cover, the second - his ablation.

Visualization DEM permit in the first time recognized the traces of the super mudflows on the northeast Ukrainian Carpathians slope (fig. 1). Within the ending of the glacial age simultaneously with heating of the air the ice begun melting and the upper part lost the grip with hard layers in the bottom. After the grip become weaker, under gravity the soft ice was starting downward move.

Karpati

Fig. 1. General map of the northeastern slope of the Ukrainian Carpathians

Energy of the flow was tremendously many times larger than of common water and mudflows. After powerful flows run along valleys. Its lengthwise profiles became stepless and the river inflections became smooth (see top insertion in fig. 2).

visual

Fig. 2. Visual representation of DEM for the northeastern slope of the Ukrainian Carpathians and hypsometric profiles along the Bystryca Solotvynska-river valley (all altitudes a.s.l.). In the black square and on the insertion show the transition from the canyon to the flat valley (D - Dniester; P - Prut; S - Seret, Bs - Bystryca Solotvynska-river 1 - Ivano-Frankivsk, 2 – Kolomyja, 3 - Chernivtsi)

Beside the Dnister-river, the same particularities we can to see in valley of Pryt and Seret (fig. 3). Big interests are transition zones of river valley from the plane to canyon section. Upstream part filled with the clay and loam.  The common section of the deposits after mudflow present on the fig. 4. In downward way the ice-water flow are loading oneself up with the weathering and breakdown rocks. In further they are working as abrasive. The ice-water flow is changing to the high-energy mudflow. Its construction show the flow gradually had losing speed and stopped at some distance in the foothills. At that time the separation of rocks occurred. The boulders and pebbles had been fallen at the bottom and the loess - on upper part. Thus, formed the gravel terraces such as those known in the Danube valley and the Riss-river [17].

Vis3


Fig. 3. Comparison  the Middle Dnister and Pryt-river valleys. On the insertion (left), the cutting of the Cheremosh-valley into the Seret-valley (red square on picture). On the insertion (right), the transition of Pryt-river from the canyon to the flat valley (white square on the picture).

Paz4

Fig. 4. The picture of the career wall located in the Prut-valley near Kolomyja. Top stratum is clay, lower stratum – conglomerate.

On the insert (left) to fig. 3 we can see the unique crossing two rivers, Cheremosh and Seret. Initially (time is unknown) the main way of mudflows was along Seret-valley. Later they went along Cheremosh-valley, which went deeper into the valley Seret up to 150 m. This indicates how much powerful the streams were.

The magnitude of the mudflows observed in the valley of the Prut-river near Kolomyja (fig. 5). Large radius bend of the river and its smoothness might make the powerful flows only. They swapped away all obstacles on your way. The existing on the left bank of three levels is the result of three super mudflows.

PAZ5

Fig. 5. DEM-segment of the Prut-valley and the hypsometric profile near Kolomyja-town. 1 – The open-pit where the picture (fig. 5) was took.

There are available data for determining the sequence of filled Dniester’ valleys during the last 20 Ka (fig. 6). It is results of M. Huhmann [4]. On fig. 6 we can see different stages of the filling the valley from the edge to the channel. Three recent dates are matching of the fossil soils dating from the buried outcrop of former first terrace. Ukrainian geologists obtained the similar results for these soils 30 years ago [5]. They ages are 340-900 years, 1700-1760 years and 2570-3000 years.

PAZ66

Fig. 6. The geochronology schematic section of the Dniester-valley [3].

In view of the foregoing, we can find explanations for interruptions in populated of the Dniester-valley by ancient man and changes of the settlements position. In Acheulean time in the Dniester-valley, in canyon section, the group settlements existed [6]. These settlements were existed in the period 23-17 Ka BP. Between 10 – 13 Ka BP in the Dniester-river remained only two settlements. Until 8 Ka BP settlements are not revealed. On cross-section (fig. 6) they points out 11,5 –10,5 Ka BP segment (rightmost) was formatted. It is meaning that settlements were covered with mudflow. Re-populating lasted two thousand years. Since 8 Ka BP until 6 Ka BP. On cross-section (fig. 6) it points out that in 7,3 –5,5 Ka BP the next segment was formatted. Interruptions that appear in populated Dniester were fixed in multi-layering structure of some Paleolithic sites were caused by mudflow intensification on the northeastern Carpathians slope.

The multi-layering Paleolithic sites there are in canyon and as well as in the plain piece of the Dniester. The stratigraphy section of the excavation Molodove 5 site lies in the Dniester' canyon given in fig. 6A. Site have two cultural layers associated with sedimentation of the loess loam. Similar situation observed on Ezupil' site (fig. 6B). The existence of the several fossil soils shows that the interruptions between mudflows lasted hundreds or thousands of years. Availability of the different number of buried soils and cultural layers on these sites can be explaining according to the sites ages and activity of the mudflows on Dniester' tributaries.

 

Полный текст статьи

25.02.2013 20:39 3617
 

Комментарии  

 
#203 Camasi barbati club 31.10.2014 17:15
My programmer is trying to persuade me to move to .net from PHP.
I have always disliked the idea because of the costs.
But he's tryiong none the less. I've been using WordPress on several websites for about a
year and am worried about switching to another platform.
I have heard great things about blogengine.net. Is there a way I can transfer all my wordpress content into
it? Any help would be really appreciated!

Also visit my weblog: Camasi barbati club: http://www.hainecustil.homepage.eu/
Цитировать
 
 
#202 genti dama Piele 31.10.2014 06:26
An interesting discussion is definitely worth comment.
I do believe that you ought too publish more on this issue,
it may not be a taboo subject but typically people
do not discuss these topics. To the next! Kind regards!!
Цитировать
 
 
#201 Camasi Barbati 31.10.2014 01:24
Hello! I'm at work surfing around your blog from my new apple iphone!
Just wanted to say I love reading your blog and look
forward to all your posts! Carry on the fantastic work!
Цитировать
 
 
#200 Camasi barbati 31.10.2014 00:42
Hi! I know this is kind of off topic but I was wondering which blog platform are you using for this site?
I'm getting tired of Wordpress because I've had problems with hackers
and I'm looking at options for another platform.
I would be awesome if you could point me in the direction of a good platform.


Here is my web page ... Camasi barbati elegante: http://www.hainecustil.homepage.eu/
Цитировать
 
 
#199 Best Luggage Brands 30.10.2014 23:08
There is definately a lot to learn about this topic. I like all
of the points you've made.
Цитировать
 
 
#198 http://www. 29.10.2014 22:52
The desert murderers possibly the ultimate demon for mankind at
the moment. The actual appearance from all of that is unsuitable among our world and
particularly organized faith
Цитировать
 
 
#197 Camasi barbati 29.10.2014 17:40
It's a shame you don't have a donate button! I'd certainly donate to this brilliant blog!

I guess for now i'll settle for book-marking and adding your RSS feed to my Google account.
I look forward to new updates and will talk about this site with
my Facebook group. Chat soon!
Цитировать
 
 
#196 genti dama ieftine 29.10.2014 04:51
Nice post. I was checking continuously this blog
and I'm inspired! Extremely helpful information specially the
closing part :) I deal with such information a lot.
I was looking for this certain information for a long time.

Thank you and ggood luck.
Цитировать
 
 
#195 Camasi barbati uni 29.10.2014 03:13
Pretty nice post. I simply stumbled upon your weblog and wanted
to mention that I've truly enjoyed surfing around your blog posts.
In any case I'll be subscribing for your rss feed and I
am hoping you write once more soon!

Look into my web page :: Camasi barbati uni: http://www.hainecustil.homepage.eu/
Цитировать
 
 
#194 Camasi office 28.10.2014 20:38
Simply desire to say your article is as surprising.
The clearness in your post is just spectacular and i could assume you are an expert on this subject.
Fine with your permission allow me to grab your feed to keep up to date with forthcoming post.

Thanks a million and please carry on the gratifying work.

Check out my web page Camasi office barbati: http://www.hainecustil.homepage.eu/
Цитировать
 
 
#193 2 francos 40 28.10.2014 18:12
Hola me ha gustado mucho tu articulo
Es imponente, buena asesoría la que he encontrado. Muchos besitos.


Por fin alguno que me lo ha explicado para que yo lo puede comprender.
Estoy excesivo contenta.
Grande, que contenta estoy, es lo mas. Muchas gracias.
Цитировать
 
 
#192 kizi friv 28.10.2014 14:07
It's a pity you don't have a donate button! I'd certainly donate
to this excellent blog! I suppose for now i'll settle for book-marking and adding your RSS feed to my Google account.
I look forward to new updates and will talk about this website with my Facebook group.
Talk soon!
Цитировать
 
 
#191 Camasa mov barbati 28.10.2014 10:01
I have read so many posts regarding the blogger lovers but this piece of writing is in fact a fastidious paragraph, keep it up.


Here is my page: Camasa mov barbati: http://camasipentruel.wordpress.com/
Цитировать
 
 
#190 Camasi barbati slim 27.10.2014 23:26
Hi, yes this post is in fact fastidious and I
have learned lot of things from it on the topic of blogging.
thanks.

Stop by my web site: Camasi barbati slim fit: http://www.hainecustil.homepage.eu/
Цитировать
 

Добавить комментарий


Прощай мой дом

JavaScript is disabled!
To display this content, you need a JavaScript capable browser.

О проекте

Всё об удивительном и загадочном мире льда и ледников, ландшафтов и людей и их жизни. Всё о планете Земля и о других планетах.

Интересы: снег, вода, горы, лед, катастрофы, все, климат, рельеф, ледники, приледниковые озёра, геоморфология, гляциология, новые теории и проекты в гляциологии, геологии и геоморфологии, а также качественная музыка и всё интересное и в науке, и в экспедициях, что сочтут для себя важным участники проекта, в природе и в жизни.. ....в общем всё.

Наши новости
Текущая информация для студентов
Ключевые слова
Авторизация



logotipЧитателям, слушателям и просто прохожим: сайт и все материалы, опубликованные на нём -  интеллектуальная собственность владельца сайта, и/или авторов соответствующих материалов. Ссылки на сайт, а также ссылки на авторов публикаций,

trudovaslava.info

(и фотографий, разумеется, тоже) обязательны. Соответствующие законы РФ и других стран известны, лицензии - на месте. Воруют, конечно, и не взирая на копирайты, но мы создали сайт для порядочных людей. Не хочется об этом напоминать, но факт любой недобросовестной ссылки-цитирования или пересказа, во- первых, будет предан широчайшей огласке через сеть всеми популярными научными каналами. А далее, возможно, последует и во-вторых..... Спасибо.

Контакты: ran@mail.tomsknet.ru