Климат, лед, вода, ландшафты

Climate, ice, water, landscapes

Рудой Алексей Николаевич

Горо Комацу и др. о катастрофических стоках из Дархата по Верхнему Енисею


© Geomorphology

 © Goro Komatsu, Sergei G. Arzhannikov, Alan R. Gillespie, Raymond M. Burke, Hideaki Miyamoto, Victor R. Baker 

 Quaternary paleolake formation and cataclysmic Flooding along the upper Yenisei River

A b s t r a c t

A suite of geomorphological and sedimentological features in the catchment of the upper Yenisei River in the Sayan mountains of southern Siberia testifies to the occurrence of cataclysmic floods that flowed down the river. Evidence of large-scale high-energy flood events includes: 1) gravel dunes, up to a few meters high and spaced 50 to 80 m apart, in the Kyzyl Basin 2) landforms such as hanging valleys and paleochannels and 3) flood sediments in a tributary   valley. The origins of the Yenisei floods were likely diverse due to complex hydrological processes operating in the Sayan mountains. The possibilities include failures of multiple, variably impounded (ice, sedimentary, tectonic scarp, and lava flow dams) paleolakes in the two large intermontane basins of Darkhadyn Khotgor and Todza, and other minor basins, in the upper Yenisei River catchment. Dating techniques applied to the paleolakes in the Darkhadyn Khotgor and Todza basins revealed their formation during various periods in the middlelate Pleistocene and Holocene. Flooding from the Floods could also have occurred. 



   © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. 




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